3 Basic Shibori Techniques: Kumo, Arashi, Itajime
Have you ever tried Japanese Shibori? I bet you might already be familiar with some of the beautiful tie and dye patterns that you can achieve from rings to lines. Many of these gorgeous shape-resist patterns can be achieved in an afternoon at home. Today, I will share 3 amazing Shibori techniques that I highly recommend to enhance or begin your textile design practice. Whether you are just starting out or an experienced designer, I think that you will find these techniques beneficial.
My favorite Shibori techniques to teach at workshops and in private lessons are Kumo, Arashi and Itajime. I learned about these through reading, lots of experimentation and practice. I have compiled a list of Shibori resources for you to see which ones are the best for getting started.
Before beginning, I gathered all of the supplies that I needed for this project, which included rubber bands, beads, twine and wooden geometric shapes. I will share a more detailed list of all supplies alongside each method.
You are probably most familiar with Kumo Shibori, which means spider-web, and is a way to form a ring or a circle through binding. This technique comes to mind when thinking about colorful tie-dyed t-shirts, but it's origins are rooted in ancient Japan and India. Kumo is the practice of tying and binding found objects, which are often pebbles or stones. Below, you can see how Chris used wooden beads of various sizes to create uniform rings and circles on his tea towel.
I suggest marking out your design with a pencil first and placing a dot where you would like center each bead. I wanted the circles on a grid for the matching t-shirts that I created for my son and his best friend. Next, I made concentric circles at random by tying two rubber bands, one inside the other leaving a narrow space in between.
Next, up is Arashi, a pole dyeing technique. The word Arashi, means storm, and in this technique twine is used to create directional lines. This effect is achieved through wrapping fabric around a dowel or pole, securing it with twine, then dyeing it. For this method, a deeper vat or 3 gallon bucket works well and the fabric can also be scrunched up toward the end of the pole. Below, you can see a pair of white pants, which are wrapped around a dowel. When I submerge the pole, I tend to scrunch the fabric toward one end of the pole. I was amazed at the Shibori results on a silk pocket square that I dyed for my husband's trip to Peru.
A 3rd method is Itajime Shibori, using various folds to pleat the fabric then securing it with shapes. Then shapes are applied to resist the dye leaving the space where the shape is placed in white. Shapes can be cut from a variety of materials including wood, cardboard and plexiglas.
In the first example, you will see how I folded the fabric, using a basic accordion fold shown here, to make it long and narrow, then I folded a right triangle back and forth. Once it was all folded up, I clamp it using 2 wooden triangles and secure it with rubber bands.
Please note: I cut these triangles by cutting a rectangle (or square) diagonally in half to form 2 right triangles with 30 and 60 degree angles.
For the fabric below, I did the same long accordion fold then clamped the individual squares with a rectangular shape. This allowed more of the fabric to be exposed to the indigo dye, thus more of the fabric became a deep blue, leaving only the rectangle pattern in white.
I hope you have enjoyed learning a bit about these 3 simple Shibori techniques, you may wish to see a few more posts on Shibori:
HI, I'M HILARY.
A Day in the Life, is where I share inspiration for a handmade lifestyle from natural dye methods, textile techniques, and the best of California design. I love dreaming up products for a sustainable artful home. I offer creative workshops to inspire you to live your best life by connecting you to your creativity and others. I hope to meet you in person at one of my workshops for creative people like you!
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